About NRSP
  Poverty Alleviation
  Area of Operation
  Organizational Structure
  Social Mobilisation
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Social Mobilisation


NRSP utilises Social Mobilisation as the primary means of supporting rural men and women in their efforts to alleviate poverty. The essence of the process of social mobilisation is encouraging men and women to form a group, typically consisting of 20-25 members, known as a Community Organization (CO). Our experience shows that the CO is an important forum for empowering people to take an active role in the management of local development initiatives. By 'social' is meant on the basis of common ground for a common purpose. A 'mobilized' community is one that is able to identify its needs and find the resources necessary to meet those needs. Those resources may be their own savings or labour, or funds or information from a Line Department.

A CO is more than a collection of individuals: it is an entity comprising of members who work for the collective good of the community. A properly functioning CO has both social and economic 'value', thus in a position to contribute to alleviating poverty. On the social side, it brings people together to work for the common good. On the economic side, the CO functions as a conduit for the micro-credit that households use to generate income, and as a base for accumulating savings and putting those savings to work for community development. The CO also attracts funds for new activities, both through NRSP and through the links it establishes with Government Departments and with the private/ corporate sector.


Activists| Arsala Khan Takkar (an honest & committed activist) |
Saaf Goan Khushhal Log Project (Clean Villages Prosperous People) |

NRSP's most successful accomplishment is the identification of thousands of community volunteers, whom we call 'Activists', who have been instrumental in implementing all these activities. It is only this "social capital" that will lead to sustainable community development.

We pay tribute to the men and women who have formed COs, and given their time and energy to ensure that local needs have been met. The CO members who are also Community Activists work tirelessly to bring ideas and improvements to fruition. Some have contributed by registering their COs as Citizen Community Boards while others have acted as village level specialists in agriculture/livestock, CO managers, Lady Health Workers and Village Education Committee members to provide a variety of services at the grassroots.



Arsala Khan Takkar, An Honest and Committed Activist
Almost two years have passed since we lost Mr. Arsala Khan Takkar, an honest and committed social worker and a dedicated activist. Mr. Khan was a resident of the Village of Takkar, located near the famous town of Takht Bhai. He owned 12.5 acres of irrigated lands.

Arsala Khan volunteered to join hands with NRSP - ADC to carry out social mobilization activities in his village. His efforts inspired the 150 irrigators who belonged to his WUA to convert their watercourse into a Minor and to construct new watercourses. Arsala Khan contacted and convinced each irrigator on the watercourse of the value of the new scheme. It would not have been possible to initiate or complete the scheme without his devoted efforts. He learned Community Management and Leadership Management skills from NRSP, after which he devoted all of his time to community development activities. He believed that the participatory approach was the best possible solution for addressing the problems of under-developed rural communities. Arsala Khan was a founding member of a cluster organization formed by the WUAs of the ADC project. Its purpose was to undertake initiatives for the development of farming communities like his own. It was challenging to organise farmers from different areas and political backgrounds to think, plan and act together. He and his colleagues were able to give this organization a structure and general framework of action in only six months. They were able to turn the organization into a developmental forum without any political bias. This organization held successful elections in all the field units of ADC Swabi SCARP: Arsala Khan was unanimously elected as the first President of the organization.

For the first time the organization was represented in the vigilance committees formed to monitor the purchase of tobacco from farmers. They also started a fertilizer agency to supply quality fertilizer at rates lower than the market rate to Swabi SCARP WUA members. This organization later served as the base for the establishment of a Farmer's Support Unit (FSU) in the field units. The FSU was designed to produce and distribute high quality seeds on a commercial basis, at the local level. It was also designed to initiate the joint purchase and marketing of products by farmers. Arsala Khan is no more with us, but his work and contribution in this area and his own village will always be remembered. He did all this without expecting any reward or personal gain. May his soul rest in peace. Ameen!




Based on the groundwork done by NRSP’s Physical Infrastructure & Technology Development (PITD), NRSP’s Low Cost Sanitation Unit was established on 1st July 2004.

The Unit assumes that the development of an effective and efficient village sanitation system, coupled with local job creation, can bring about significant improvements in the lives of poor villagers. A well-managed village sanitation system is one of the best means for reducing poverty and improving the lives of the rural poor.

The proposed Interventions include: 

bullet Development of Sanitation Infrastructure.
bullet Training Community Activists. 
bullet A ‘Sanitation Awareness’ Campaign.
bullet Supporting and facilitating and technical guidance to community members, in designing and constructing environment-friendly houses and streets.
bullet Micro-Credit for improving existing houses, constructing additional rooms.
bullet Installing household latrines.
bullet Sanitation related enterprises such as solid-waste collection.
bullet Kitchen gardening and related activities.


The unit is presently engaged in developing procedures and guidelines.



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  Copyright 2005 - National Rural Support Programme | Last updated 1st June, 2009